Assistive Technology for Disabled comparatively new phrase that caters the need of older and disable people. Assistive Technology is clear in the Technology-Related Assistance Act (Tech Act) by means of “any item part of equipment, or product system, whether developed commercially off the projection, adapted, or adapted, that is used to increase, uphold, or recover functional abilities of persons with disabilities” (Tech Act, 1988). Assistive technology can be prepared at home and planned precisely for an individual, acquired in a native store, or ordered out of a collection that is directed toward people with infirmities and their families. Technology can be high tech or low tech. Illustrations of low tech are ramps, switches, switch-operated toys, communication boards, car door openers, dycem, reaches, roll-in showers, and Velcro. Nearly high tech examples contain computers, software, extended keyboards, electronic communication devices, power wheelchairs, and van lifts for wheelchairs.
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Assistive technology will not mark the disability go away, it can only reduce the impression of the disability (Moore, 1991). Confidently assistive technology will increase liberation and recover an individual’s attitude on life. Assistive technology can support student’s access their education, as-well-as permit adults to secure a career. Persons with disabilities can convert an essential part or their municipal from education to freedom activities to work with the suitable technology.
Products & Information
- If you have a disability or wound you may use a number of assistive strategies or reintegration equipment to help you in and about the home. Assistive devices are outfits, products or types of equipment that support you achieve tasks and events if you have a disability or injury. Assistive devices may help you change around, see, communicate, eat, or get dressed/undressed.
- Assistive devices for flexibility/ambulation can also be mentioned to as ambulatory services. Ambulatory aids (e.g. canes, crutches, walkers) are recycled to provide an allowance of the upper edges to help communicate body weight and deliver support for the operator.
- Assistive devices can help you progress your superiority of life and uphold your sense of individuality.
- Elegant high quality assistive devices, or regular living aids, that care liberated living for the handy-capped and disabled, elders, or persons with a medical illness or injury should make life calmer and safer for the aged and disabled.
- AT encourages greater independence by permitting people to achieve tasks that they were previously unable to achieve, or had great trouble accomplishing, by providing improvements to or altered methods of cooperating with the technology desired to accomplish such tasks.
An assistive device might be a wheelchair, Reacher, or a disability product that permits you to use a computer. If you experience problems acting certain tasks it’s conceivable that an assistive device can help you overwhelmed your problems.
Types and Usage
- Individuals with physical disabilities that affect movement can habit mobility aids, such-as wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, canes, crutches, prosthetic devices, and orthotic devices, to improve their movement.
- Hearing aids can recover hearing ability in peoples with hearing glitches.
- Intellectual assistance, with computer or electrical assistive devices, can help persons function following brain injury.
- Computer software and hardware, such as voice acknowledgement programs, screen readers, and screen expansion applications, help people with agility and sensory damages use computer technology.
- In the classroom and somewhere else, assistive devices, such as programmed page-turners, book holders, and modified pencil grips, let learners with disabilities to contribute in educational activities.
- Closed captioning permits people with hearing injuries to relish movies and television programs.
- Walls in community buildings, businesses, and workplaces can be detached or changed to improve availability. Such alterations include ramps, automatic door openers, grab bars, and wider doorways.
- Lightweight, high-performance wheelchairs have been deliberate for systematized sports, such as basketball, tennis, and racing.
- Adaptive switches make it conceivable for a child with incomplete motor skills to play with toys and games.
- Many kinds of devices help persons with disabilities do such jobs as cooking, dressing, and coaching. Kitchen apparatuses are available with huge, stifled grips to help people with faintness or swelling in their hands. Medication distributers with alarms can help people recall to take their medicine on time. Individuals who use wheelchairs for movement can use extendable attainment devices to reach items on defers.
Four ways technology can help disabled people
The movability and affordability of tablets has prepared them a typical tool for speech and language therapists. Apps such as Speak for Yourself and Augie AAC permit therapists to work with persons to help them contact a terminology of over 13,000 words all with just a little taps of the screen.
Using voice control to navigate smartphones
Voice control systems such as Nuance permit users to dictate messages to be input on computers and phones, though also translating presented text on phones into comprehensible speech. The previous function is mainly of benefit to persons with learning disabilities such as dyslexia as it allow them direct their thoughts in papers without the obstruction of written assignments. Systems that read text messages audibly are an excessive help in the lives of visually weakened individuals. Moreover, related technology can be used inside apps on phones to let visually impaired persons the gamble to use the technology. Apps such as Instagram can have on screen text and directives read audibly to allow users to use the facility without being hooked on vision.
Several parents of children with autism are spinning to iPads and other tablets to facilitate their kids to interconnect, practice eye contact and learn new words. Children relish the repetitiveness of the computer’s speech roles and seem to be less abstracted when using tablets as a replacement for outdated alphabet sheets when collaborating.
Apple’s Assistive Touch
Apple has been generating available technology for deaf and visually impaired persons since its first Macintosh in the 80s, but the iPhone and iPad’s Assistive Touch technology allows individuals with motor control difficulties use the device in an altered way. It means that, in-place of having to tweak the screen to zoom, regulate volume using the side buttons or use several fingers in apps, an on screen director allows users to execute these functions only through tapping.
Other Technologies for Disabled
- The DynaVox EyeMax System
- The Kapten PLUS Personal Navigation Device
- The Car for the Blind
- Google’s Driverless Car
- The DEKA Robotic Arm
- Cochlear Implant
- The iBot Stair-Climbing Wheelchair